Fiber to the Home or simply FTTH is a technology that uses optical fiber directly from the central point to the residential premises (as shown in the following image). It provides uninterrupted high-speed internet service. Here, “H” includes both home and small business.
FTTH is the ultimate fiber access solution where each subscriber is connected to an optical fiber. The deployment options discussed in this tutorial are based on a complete optical fiber path from the Optical Line Termination (OLT) right to the subscriber premises.
|Data Download||10 Mbps|
|VoIP and video-conference||1 Mbps|
|Music on demand, multimedia contents||2 Mbps|
|On-line Gaming||1 Mbps|
|SD Digital TV||3 Mbps|
|HD Digital TV||8 Mbps|
|Additional TV channels||16 Mbps|
Optical Fiber Method can be deployed in two ways: Active Method and Passive Method. The current mass FTTH deployment is based on the passive method. Hence, let’s discuss the Passive Method in detail.